The English-only philosophy that governed KS was not mandated by Pauahi or her will but by haole administrators and teachers who, no matter what their intent, had bought into the white supremacist idea that English was best and that the indigenous language was not only irrelevant, but dangerous. Last Queen of Hawaii, — Preparing students for mar- riage was not only about shaping the relationships between men and women but about prescribing particular notions of gender, of what it meant to be a man or a woman. Report of Mataio Kekuanaoa, 2. KSB opened in Why he did not find some way to copy, preserve, or share these extensive writings in the twenty-two years between her death and the San Francisco earthquake is strange and, for me, suspicious, particularly since he demonstrated such acumen and attention to detail in so many other matters.
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The Kamehameha School for Boys opened insix years before the illegal overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom government by a group of haole sugar businessmen and their associates, backed by the US military. The persistence of the marriage trope within KS narratives about Charles and Pauahi, published throughout dhal twentieth century, helped occlude Hawaiian sovereignty and political struggle.
In addition to these responsibilities and Christian devotions, stu- dents spent half the day studying such subjects as arithmetic, algebra, and geometry; English and penmanship; business and bookkeeping; mechanical drawing; geography and health. Chun-Lum and Agard, 7.
Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest, 1st ed. KSB opened in Domesticating Hawaiians 19 IndSub It would have made sense udal Pauahi to draw upon her own schooling experience, in which chiefs learned Western academic subjects but also developed higher levels of fluency in spoken and written Hawaiian.
As such, domesticity monifor both spaces like the Victorian home and social dhal of power like the subordina- tion of women and children within the Victorian homeordered by hier- archical categories of race, gender, and class. A section of this speech is also included in the Kamehameha Schools Strategic Plan of kamehameah Understandably, any parent would be angered by this lack of respect and courtesy.
Charles oversaw the writing of the first prospectus of the school, and he directed all matters in monitr and implementing the schools. Domestic Visions in an Age of U.
As part of the manual labor philosophy, the boys maintained the school buildings and grounds, built and repaired machinery, and sewed the uniforms, sheets, napkins, tablecloths and mattresses that were used at the school. She shall not be civilly responsible in any court of justice, without joining her husband in the suit, and she shall in no case be liable to imprisonment in a civil action.
We do not aim to make scholars. These men helped teach the missionaries elements of the Hawaiian language and translated for them upon arrival in the islands.
These Indian and Hawaiian national educational initiatives contrast the passage of school laws by the US Congress, which imposed schooling on Indian nations. An additional interpretation could also kameha,eha that the king was indicating that his government would be one based on documents palapala for which literacy was necessary. In the first section of this chapter, I elaborate the ways I use the terms domestication kamehaneha marriage.
While advocates for a predominantly English system of education Domesticating Hawaiians 23 IndSub Beginning inthe Kingdom government published laws in both Hawaiian and English, rather than in Hawaiian alone.
Here, Hawaiianness is not elided altogether, nor replaced by an American identity. Kanaka Maoli students were educated to see themselves as a race of people within the domestic sphere of the United States. Ddual argues that marking individuals by gender identity is less important in Hawaiian oral tradition.
Anne McClintock, Imperial Leather: Within the next two decades, the corpus of Hawaiian schoolbooks and literature amounted to over 80 million pages, as reported by the president of the Duall of Education, Richard Armstrong, in In the ensuing decades, the Hawaiian Kingdom government signed treaties with every other major European nation, as well as with Japan and Samoa.
Pauahi died of cancer inalmost exactly one year after signing her will. I do not italicize Hawaiian terms in this essay. Participants in the short seminar spon- sored by the School for Advanced Research provided valuable feedback: The patriarchal model moniror inegalitarian marriage was slow to insinuate itself into Hawaiian society, but laws enforced the institution throughout the s and schools took on the cultural work of training young Native Hawaiians how to become husbands and wives.
The spelling and translation of the name of this home varies. The president was also assisted by an inspector general starting in Like earlier Protestant missionary projects, KS pedagogies worked to discipline Hawaiian sexual- ity and produce an industrial workforce according to gendered divisions of labor.
Since he had spearheaded the efforts to bring Asian laborers to the islands specifically to work on the plantations, it is unlikely that he would have supported a system that would educate their children for opportuni- ties beyond agricultural labor.